The key diagnostic criterion for Morgellons Disease is the presence of unusual filaments beneath unbroken skin or projecting from skin. At present, there are no diagnostic laboratory tests specifically targeting Morgellons Disease. However recent research has shown Morgellons to be closely associated with Borrelia spirochetes. Borrelia spirochetes are a cork-screw shaped bacteria that are vector-borne, meaning they are most often transmitted to humans by arthropods such as ticks, fleas, mosquitos or mites.
Vector borne diseases are commonly associated with co-infections. Some Borrelia species are known as the causative agent of Lyme disease while others, Relapsing Fever Borrelia are known for causing similar illness with “Lyme-like” symptoms. Multiple species of Borrelia have been detected in Morgellons skin tissue thus testing for both Lyme disease and Relapsing Fever Borrelia is recommended. Additionally, scientific studies have shown co-infections to vary among Morgellons patients with Babesia, Bartonella, Anaplasma and Rickettsia as the most common. Accordingly it is recommended to include testing for any of these suspected co-infections. Finally, Helicobacter Pylori (H Pylori) has also been shown to be associated with Morgellons as research detected H Pylori in approximately 60% of Morgellons skin tissue samples. Thus medical experts recommend a thorough evaluation, testing and treatment (if indicated) for Morgellons patients in whom H Pylori has been detected.
Unfortunately there is no test currently available that is 100% accurate for diagnosing Lyme Disease or many of the other co-infections. Both false positive and false negative results can occur, with the latter being far more common. Ultimately, a Lyme diagnosis or other co-infection diagnosis is a clinical diagnosis to be made by a qualified physician or other healthcare provider, based on symptoms and patient history, with test results used as tools to aid in the diagnosis. At the bottom of this page are five reputable laboratories that offer testing for Lyme Disease and many of the other co-infections previously discussed. IGeneX offers the most comprehensive testing suite, but due to cost considerations and the fact that not all patients have access to IGeneX through their medical provider, four other excellent laboratories are provided which are Clongen, Medical Diagnostic Laboratories, Australian Biologics, and Infectolab Americas.